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Centenarian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Artist Mary Jane Alexander‘s portraits of centenarians at the Oklahoma Heritage Association

centenarian is a person who has reached the age of 100 years. Because life expectancies worldwide are below 100 years, the term is invariably associated with longevity. In 2012, the United Nations estimated that there were 316,600 living centenarians worldwide.

As life expectancy is increasing across the world, and the world population has also increased rapidly, the number of centenarians is expected to increase quickly in the future.According to the UK ONS, one-third of babies born in 2013 in the UK are expected to live to 100.

Contents

Supercentenarian

supercentenarian, sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian, is a human who has reached the age of 110, something only achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians.

Even rarer is a person who has lived to age 115 – there are less than 100 people in recorded history who have indisputably reached this age, of whom only Kane TanakaLucile Randon, Jeanne Bot, and Shigeyo Nakachi are living as of 2020.

Current incidences

The United Nations predicts that there are 573,000 centenarians currently, almost quadrupling from the suggestions 151,000 in the year 2000. According to a 1998 United Nations demographic survey, Japan is expected to have 272,000 centenarians by 2050; other sources suggest that the number could be closer to 1 million. The incidence of centenarians in Japan was one per 3,522 people in 2008.

In Japan, the number of centenarians is highly skewed towards females. Japan in fiscal year 2016 had 57,525 female centenarians, while males were 8,167, a ratio of 7:1. The increase of centenarians was even more skewed at 11.6:1.

Centenarian populations by country

The total number of living centenarians in the world remains uncertain. It was estimated by the Population Division of the United Nations as 23,000 in 1950, 110,000 in 1990, 150,000 in 1995, 209,000 in 2000, 324,000 in 2005 and 455,000 in 2009. However, these older estimates did not take into account the contemporary downward adjustments of national estimates made by several countries such as the United States; thus, in 2012, the UN estimated there to be only 316,600 centenarians worldwide. The following table gives estimated centenarian populations by country, including both the latest and the earliest known estimates, where available.

CountryLatest estimate (year)Earliest estimate (year)Centenarians per
100,000 people
Andorra7 (2002)[14]10.2
Argentina3,487 (2010)[15]8.7
Australia4,252 (2011)[16]50 (1901)18.8
Austria1,371 (2014)[17]232 (1990),[18] 25 (1960)[18]16.1
Barbados114 (2016)[19] 39.9
Belgium2,001 (2015)[20]23 (1950)[21]16.9
Brazil23,760 (2010)[21]12.5
Canada7,569 (2011)[21]22.3
China48,921 (2011)[22]4,469 (1990),[21] 17,800 (2007)[23]3.6
Czech Republic625 (2011)[24]404 (2006)5.9
Denmark889 (2010)[21]32 (1941)[25]16.1
Estonia150 (2016)[26]42 (1990)[18]11.4
Finland759 (2015)[27]11 (1960)[18]13.8
France21,393 (2016)[28]100 (1900)[29]32.1[30]
Germany17,000 (2012)[31]232 (1885)[32]21
Hungary1,516 (2013)[33]227 (1990), 76 (1949)[34]15.3
Iceland32 (2015)[35]3 (1960)[18]9.7
India27,000 (2015)[36] 2.1
Ireland389 (2011)[37]87 (1990)[18]8.5
Israel2,143 (2011)[38] 27.6
Italy19,095 (2015)[36]19,095 (2015),[39] 99 (1872)[25]31.5
Japan67,824 (2017)[36]54,397 (2013),[40] 111 (1950),[21] 155 (1960)[41]48
Mexico7,441 (2010)2,403 (1990)6.6
Netherlands1,743 (2010)[42]18 (1830)[43]10.4
New Zealand297 (1991)[44]18 (1960)[18]5.9
Norway636 (2010)44 (1951)[25]13.1
Peru1,682 (2011)[45]5.6
Poland2,414 (2009)500 (1970)[46]6.3
Portugal4,066 (2015)38.9
Russia20,582 (2019)[47]6,700 (2007)14
Singapore724 (2011)[48]41 (1990)[18]13.7
Slovenia224 (2013)[49]2 (1953)[50]10.9[49]
South Africa15,581 (2011)[51]30.1
South Korea3,861 (2014)[52]9617.7
Spain17,423 (2016) [53]4,269 (2002) [54]37.5
Sweden2,084 (2017)[55]46 (1950)20.6
Switzerland1,306 (2010)7 (1860)[25]16.6
Thailand23,399 (2014)[56] 35.9
Turkey5,293 (2015)[57]6.7
United Kingdom13,170 (2018)[58]107 (1911)[25][59]21.5
United States72,000 (2015)[36]53,364 (2010),[60] 2,300 (1950)[61]22
Uruguay519 (2011)[62]15.8[63]
World Estimates451,000 (2015)[36]316,600 (2012),[1] 23,000 (1950)6.2
Recognition and congratulations worldwide

In many countries, people receive a gift or congratulations from federal/state institutions on their 100th birthday.

Europe
Ireland

Centenarians born in Ireland receive a €2,540 “Centenarians’ Bounty” and a letter from the President of Ireland, even if they are resident abroad.

Italy

Centenarians born in Italy receive a letter from the President Of The Republic Of Italy.

Sweden

Swedish centenarians receive a telegram from the King and Queen of Sweden.

United Kingdom and Commonwealth

In the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms, the monarch sends greetings (formerly as a telegram) on the 100th birthday and on every birthday beginning with the 105th. The tradition of Royal congratulations dates from 1908, when the Secretary for King Edward VII sent a congratulatory letter to Reverend Thomas Lord of Horncastle in a newspaper clipping, declaring, “I am commanded by the King to congratulate you on the attainment of your hundredth year, after a most useful life.” The practice was formalised from 1917, under the reign of King George V, who also sent congratulations on the attainment of a 60th Wedding anniversary. Queen Elizabeth II sends a greeting card style with the notation: “I am so pleased to know that you are celebrating your one-hundredth birthday, I send my congratulations and best wishes to you on such a special occasion”, thereafter each few years the card is updated with a current picture of the Queen to ensure people do not receive the same card more than once. The Queen further sends her congratulations on one’s 105th birthday and every year thereafter as well as on special wedding anniversaries; people must apply for greetings three weeks before the event, on the official British Monarch’s website.

Russian Federation

In 2019, there were reported to be over 20,000 centenarians living in Russia, a sharp increase from 6,700 in 2007.

Centenarians in Russia receive a letter from the President of Russia, currently Vladimir Putin, officially congratulating them for reaching one hundred years.

North America
United States

Greeting card sent from former US President Gerald Ford and first lady Betty Ford

In the United States, centenarians traditionally receive a letter from the President, congratulating them for their longevity.

Asia
Japan

Japanese centenarians receive a silver cup and a certificate from the Prime Minister of Japan upon the Respect for the Aged Day following their 100th birthday, honouring them for their longevity and prosperity in their lives.

India

In Madhya Pradesh, the award known as Shatayu Samman is given out to persons who live at least a 100 years to promote awareness of good health.

Worldwide cultural traditions and rituals

An aspect of blessing in many cultures is to offer a wish that the recipient lives to 100 years old. Among Hindus, people who touch the feet of elders are often blessed with “May you live a hundred years”. In Sweden, the traditional birthday song states, May he/she live for one hundred years. In Judaism, the term May you live to be 120 years old is a common blessing. In Poland, Sto lat, a wish to live a hundred years, is a traditional form of praise and good wishes, and the song “sto lat, sto lat” is sung on the occasion of the birthday celebrations—arguably, it is the most popular song in Poland and among Poles around the globe.

Chinese emperors were hailed to live ten thousand years, while empresses were hailed to live a thousand years. In Italy, “A hundred of these days!” (cento di questi giorni) is an augury for birthdays, to live to celebrate 100 more birthdays.[71] Some Italians say “Cent’anni!”, which means “a hundred years”, in that they wish that they could all live happily for a hundred years. In Greece, wishing someone Happy Birthday ends with the expression να τα εκατοστήσεις (na ta ekatostisis), which can be loosely translated as “may you make it one hundred birthdays”. In Sri Lanka, it is a custom to bless as ” you may live 220 instead of 120″.

Centenarians in antiquity

While the number of centenarians per capita was much lower in ancient times than today, the data suggest that they were not unheard of.

Estimates of life expectancy in antiquity are far lower than modern values mostly due to the far greater incidence of deaths in infancy or childhood. Those who lived past early childhood had a reasonable chance of living to a relatively old age.[73] The assumption of what constitutes “old age”, or being “elderly”, at least, seems to have remained unchanged since antiquity, the line being generally drawn at either sixty or sixty-five years;[74] Psalm 90:10 in the Hebrew Bible appears to give seventy to eighty years as the natural life expectancy of a person surviving into old age, “The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty”.

A survey of the lifespans of male individuals with entries in the Oxford Classical Dictionary (i.e., a sample pre-selected to include those who lived long enough to attain historical notability) found a median lifespan of 72 years, and a range of 32 to 107 years, for 128 individuals born before 100 BC (though the same study found a median lifespan of 66 years for 100 individuals born after 100 BC but no later than 602 AD); by comparison, male individuals listed in Chambers Biographical Dictionary who died between 1900 and 1949 had a median lifespan of 71.5 years, with a range between 29 and 105 years.

The author of the 1994 study concluded that it was only in the second half of the 20th century that medical advances have extended the life expectancy of those who live into adulthood.

Reliable references to individuals in antiquity who lived past 100 years are quite rare, but they do exist. For instance, Cicero’s wife Terentia was reported by Pliny the Elder to have lived from 98 BC to 6 AD, 104 years. Regnal dates of Bronze Age monarchs are notoriously unreliable; the sixth dynasty Egyptian ruler Pepi II is sometimes listed as having lived c. 2278 – c. 2184 BC, as he is said to have reigned for 94 years,[77] but alternative readings cite a reign of just 64 years.[78] Addagoppe of Harran, mother of the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire Nabonidus lived from c. 648-544 BC according to an apparently autobiographical account.

Diogenes Laërtius (c. AD 250) gives one of the earliest references regarding the plausible centenarian longevity given by a scientist, the astronomer Hipparchus of Nicea (c. 185 – c. 120 BC), who, according to the doxographer, assured that the philosopher Democritus of Abdera (c. 470/460 – c. 370/360 BC) lived 109 years. All other ancient accounts of Democritus appear to agree that the philosopher lived at least 90 years. The case of Democritus differs from those of, for example, Epimenides of Crete (7th and 6th centuries BC), who is said to have lived an implausible 154, 157 or 290 years, depending on the source.

Other ancient Greek philosophers thought to have lived beyond the age of 90 include Xenophanes of Colophon (c. 570/565 – c. 475/470 BC), Pyrrho of Ellis (c. 360 – c. 270 BC), and Eratosthenes of Cirene (c. 285 – c. 190 BC).

Hosius of Córdoba, the man who convinced Constantine the Great to call the First Council of Nicaea, reportedly lived to age 102.

A rare record of an ordinary person who lived to be a centenarian is the tombstone of Roman British legionary veteran Julius Valens, inscribed “VIXIT ANNIS C”.

In the medieval period, Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan (d. 1097) is reported by Bernold of Constance as having lived past 100 years

Research

Main article: Research into centenarians

Research in Italy

Research in Italy suggests that healthy centenarians have high levels of both vitamin A and vitamin E and that this seems to be important in causing their extreme longevity.[81] Other research contradicts this, however, and has found that this theory does not apply to centenarians from Sardinia, for whom other factors probably play a more important role.[82] A preliminary study carried out in Poland showed that, in comparison with young healthy female adults, centenarians living in Upper Silesia had significantly higher red blood cell glutathione reductase and catalase activities, although serum levels of vitamin E were not significantly higher. Researchers in Denmark have also found that centenarians exhibit a high activity of glutathione reductase in red blood cells. In this study, the centenarians having the best cognitive and physical functional capacity tended to have the highest activity of this enzyme.

Other research has found that people whose parents became centenarians have an increased number of naïve B cells. It is well known that the children of parents who have a long life are also likely to reach a healthy age, but it is not known why, although the inherited genes are probably important. A variation in the gene FOXO3A is known to have a positive effect on the life expectancy of humans, and is found much more often in people living to 100 and beyond – moreover, this appears to be true worldwide.

Men and women who are 100 or older tend to have extroverted personalities, according to Thomas T. Perls, the director of the New England Centenarian Study at Boston University. Centenarians will often have many friends, strong ties to relatives and high self-esteem. In addition, some research suggests that the offspring of centenarians are more likely to age in better cardiovascular health than their peers.

DNA repair

Lymphoblastoid cell lines established from blood samples of centenarians have significantly higher activity of the DNA repair protein PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) than cell lines from younger (20 to 70 years old) individuals.[88] The lymphocytic cells of centenarians have characteristics typical of cells from young people, both in their capability of priming the mechanism of repair after H2O2 sublethal oxidative DNA damage and in their PARP capacity.

PARP activity measured in the permeabilized mononuclear leukocyte blood cells of thirteen mammalian species correlated with maximum lifespan of the species. These findings suggest that PARP mediated DNA repair activity contributes to the longevity of centenarians, consistent with the DNA damage theory of aging.

Japanese bio-study

Further information: Aging of Japan Further information: Elderly people in Japan

Many experts attribute Japan’s high life expectancy to the typical Japanese diet, which is particularly low in refined simple carbohydrates, and to hygienic practices. The number of centenarians in relation to the total population was, in September 2010, 114% higher in Shimane Prefecture than the national average. This ratio was also 92% higher in Okinawa Prefecture.[92][93][94] In Okinawa, studies have shown five factors that have contributed to the large number of centenarians in that region:

A diet that is heavy on grains, fish, and vegetables and light on meat, eggs, and dairy products.

  1. Low-stress lifestyles, which are proven significantly less stressful than that of the mainland inhabitants of Japan.
  2. A caring community, where older adults are not isolated and are taken better care of.
  3. High levels of activity, where locals work until an older age than the average age in other countries, and more emphasis on activities like walking and gardening to keep active.
  4. Spirituality, where a sense of purpose comes from involvement in spiritual matters and prayer eases the mind of stress and problems.

Although these factors vary from those mentioned in the previous study, the culture of Okinawa has proven these factors to be important in its large population of centenarians.

A historical study from Korea found that male eunuchs in the royal court had a centenarian rate of over 3%, and that eunuchs lived on average 14 to 19 years longer than uncastrated men.

Centenarian controversy in Japan

The number of Japanese centenarians was called into question in 2010, following a series of reports showing that hundreds of thousands of elderly people had gone “missing” in the country. The deaths of many centenarians had not been reported, casting doubt on the country’s reputation for having a large population of centenarians.

In July 2010, Sogen Kato, a centenarian listed as the oldest living male in Tokyo, registered to be aged 111, was found to have died some 30 years before; his body was found mummified in his bed, resulting in a police investigation into centenarians listed over the age of 105. Soon after the discovery, the Japanese Justice Ministry found that at least 234,354 other Japanese centenarians were “missing”,and began a nationwide search in early August 2010.

Epigenetic studies

By measuring the biological age of various tissues from centenarians, researchers may be able to identify tissues that are protected from aging effects. According to a study of 30 different body parts from centenarians and younger controls, the cerebellum is the youngest brain region (and probably body part) in centenarians (about 15 years younger than expected ) according to an epigenetic biomarker of tissue age known as epigenetic clock.

These findings could explain why the cerebellum exhibits fewer neuropathological hallmarks of age related dementias compared to other brain regions. Further, the offspring of semi-supercentenarians (subjects who reached an age of 105–109 years) have a lower epigenetic age than age-matched controls (age difference=5.1 years in peripheral blood mononuclear cells) and centenarians are younger (8.6 years) than expected based on their chronological age.

Media references

Centenarians are often the subject of news stories, which often focus on the fact that they are over 100 years old. Along with the typical birthday celebrations, these reports provide researchers and cultural historians with evidence as to how the rest of society views this elderly population. Some examples:

  • 107-year-old Arkansas man Monroe Isadore dies in shootout with SWAT
  • 103-year-old last Livonian language native speaker Grizelda Kristiņa in Canada.
  • 101-year-old Nepalese man Funchu Tamang was rescued from the Nepal earthquake in 2015
  • In 2015, Japanese man Hidekichi Miyazaki, a masters athlete, became the world’s oldest sprinter upon winning the 100m at the age of 105, earning a place in the Guinness World Record book
  • In 2015, Mieko Nagaoka, a 100-year-old Japanese woman, became the first centenarian to complete a 1500m swim in a 25-meter pool; specifically, she completed 30 laps of the pool in 1 hour, 15 minutes, 54 seconds, in a masters event in Matsuyama, Japan.
  • In May 2015 Marjorie “Bo” Gilbert, from South Wales, became the first centenarian to appear in the magazine Vogue, when she was featured as part of an advertisement for the department store Harvey Nichols.
  • William A. Del Monte, the last known survivor of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, died at a retirement facility in Marin County in 2016 at the age of 109.
  • On April 30, 2016, Ida Keeling became the first woman in history to complete a 100-meter run at the age of 100. Her time of 1:17.33 was witnessed by a crowd of 44,469 at the 2016 Penn Relays.
  • In 2017, Julia Hawkins (age 101) became the oldest woman ever in the USA Track and Field Outdoors Masters Championships, and ran the 100 meters in 40.12 seconds. Previously that year she had run the 100 meters in 39.62 seconds.That is a new world record for women 100 or older.

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end of Wikipedia articles

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New England Centenarian Study
necs cropped
Welcome to the largest and most comprehensive study of centenarians and their families in the world!

To Discover the Secrets of A Long Healthy and Happy Life…

Our two major studies are the New England Centenarian Study (founded 1995) and the multi-center Long Life Family Study (Boston Medical Center is one of 5 study sites), established in 2006.

We are actively seeking participants to be in the New England Centenarian Study. The criteria are simply subjects age 103+ years old or 100+ years with siblings.

A Summary Of Our Key Findings:
  • Exceptional longevity runs strongly in families;
  • Among centenarians, disability is typically compressed towards at least their early- to mid-nineties;
  • With even older ages of survival, e.g., age 105+ years, morbidity is also compressed towards the end of these exceptionally long lives;
  • The genetic influence upon survival increases with older and older ages of survival beyond the nonagenarian years;
  • This genetic influence probably involves many genetic variants with individually modest effects, but as a group, they have a strong effect;
  • But for some rare exceptions, centenarians have just as many disease-associated genetic variants as the average population. Thus, their genetic advantage is likely due to variants that slow aging and decrease risk for aging-related diseases such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer’s Disease.

The New England Centenarian Study

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A Global Look at the Oldest-Old and Centenarians: Is It Genes, Diet, Luck or All Combined?
By Gloria M. Gutman

Population aging is occurring around the world. Today there are 31 countries with 15 percent or more of their population ages 65 and older. Japan and Monaco continue to lead, each with 24 percent of their population ages 65 and older, followed by Germany and Italy each with 21 percent. However, with the exception of Japan, Martinique and Puerto Rico (the latter two both with 15 percent of the population ages 65 and older), the majority of the countries with the highest proportion of people ages 65 and older are in Europe.

The picture is different if one asks, “What countries have the most old people?” In 2000, there were 12 countries with more than 10 million people ages 60 and older, five with more than 20 million: China (129 million), India (77 million), United States (46 million), Japan (30 million) and the former Soviet Union (27 million). By 2050, the Population Division of the United Nations (U.N.) projects that 33 countries will have more than 10 million people ages 60 and older: China (437 million), India (324 million), United States (107 million), Indonesia (70 million) and Brazil (58 million).

What lessons have we learned from those countries whose population has already reached the 20 percent ages-65-and-older mark? The first is that reaching such a proportion does not automatically mean this age cohort will “break the bank” with their demands for healthcare, housing and income support—the three big issues for elders worldwide. Nor is there evidence of intergenerational warfare. The latter appears to be an American social construction that has never materialized.

Centenarians on the Rise

There are more centenarians living today than ever before. The U.N. estimated there were 343,000 centenarians worldwide in 2012, a figure projected to grow to 3.2 million by 2050. The United States has the most centenarians, with an estimated number of about 80,000. Japan follows, with an estimated 47,700, and is also home to the “official” oldest living person in the world, Yone Minigawa, age 114.

Other countries with a relatively large number of centenarians include England and Wales—12,320 in 2012 and Canada—7,500 in 2011, the year of its latest census. In all countries, women centenarians outnumber their male counterparts. But the gender gap has lessened recently in England and Wales, from eight women to every one man in 2002, to six women to one man by 2012, attributed to relatively greater improvement in male mortality rates.

Most centenarians have been remarkably healthy over their life course, and experience relatively rapid terminal decline late in life—i.e., demonstrating compression of mortality at the end of life.

There are several important centenarian studies going on in Okinawa, Japan, Sardinia, Italy and in the United States. While Okinawa and Sardinia are small geographically, they have a disproportionate number of centenarians. Sardinia also stands out because it has a high prevalence of male centenarians.  While the United States did not introduce a birth registry until 1940, raising questions on the validity of self-reported age in census estimates, Okinawa’s family registry system dates back to 1879, so age verification is possible there.

Researchers on the 36-year-old Okinawa Centenarian Study, which has followed 8,000 Japanese American men in Hawaii, say many centenarians in their sample lived independently well into their 90s, and seem to have avoided onset of the chronic diseases of aging such as Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

The New England Centenarian Study, headquartered at Boston University, reports similar findings.  More than 90 percent of centenarians in their sample were still functioning independently at the average age of 93.

Researchers are trying to determine what exactly contributes to extreme longevity. Genes play a part. The Okinawa researchers have found a gene that if inherited from both parents triples a male’s chances of becoming a centenarian. But the New England Centenarian Study notes that many genes are involved, so in predicting who will be a centenarian many different genes have to be considered rather than relying on only one.

They have found 281 genetic markers that are 61 percent accurate in predicting 100 year olds and even more accurate in predicting super-centenarians, or people who live past age 105, suggesting that genes play an increasingly important role at the extremes of longevity. These markers point to genes that have been shown to play a role in Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and basic biological mechanisms of aging.

Lifestyle is also thought to play an important role in extreme longevity. Much has been said about the largely fish-based diets of the Okinawans, and the benefits of a Mediterranean diet. Centenarians also seem to have been able to avoid fatal injuries and exposure to deadly contagious diseases—perhaps it’s the “good luck” factor centenarian researchers speak about as also being a determinant of having a very long life.

Gloria M. Gutman, Ph.D., is a past president of the International Association of Gerontology, a research associate in and developed the Gerontology Research Centre and is Professor Emeritus in the Gerontology Department, which she also developed, at Simon Fraser University, in Vancouver, Canada.

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The Nature of Things

Living better and aging well: David Suzuki takes us on a journey to learn how | The Nature of Things

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • While everyone would like a longer lifespan, David Suzuki is more interested in a longer “health-span” — he wants to stay as healthy as possible, for as long as possible. In Aging Well Suzuki Style, a documentary from The Nature of Things, Suzuki takes viewers along on his journey to discover if he’s still alive and kicking because of the choices he’s made, or if he’s just been lucky with good genes. “I’m hoping to find out what’s working, what’s not, what I can do, and probably should have done to age well.” Along the way, he meets scientists who put him through a battery of tests. He gets to play the role he thinks he was born to play – The Karate Kid – while learning a thing or two about his balance, and he becomes the “fall guy” when the floor pulled out from under him. Much to his own surprise, he manages to ace an impromptu political history test while walking, proving that his coordination and mental capacity at 83 are still intact. Suzuki takes author Carl Honoré for a walk, a man thirty years his junior. But their age difference is cancelled when Honoré wears an age-simulation suit, designed for health care providers to understand the limitations faced by many seniors. “I have never seen anything as dramatic as the conversion of this tall, good-looking guy …[is] literally reduced to this old man.” We follow Suzuki as he ticks one special item off his bucket list — the construction of a treehouse for his grandson. During the 1950s, Suzuki spent eight years working in construction and the skills he learned back then still serve him today as he takes on the task with vigour. But back then, nobody wore ear protection on the job, and it was a costly mistake. When Suzuki gets his hearing tested, he learns that his exposure to loud noises has caused some hearing loss. In Aging Well Suzuki Style, we also meet a group of Canadian seniors who have one thing in common — they are all living life to the fullest. Their enthusiasm for life is infectious as they share with us their secrets for aging well.

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Centenarians in Canada

PDF version

As a result of gains in life expectancy, an increasing number of Canadians are reaching the age of 100. The 2011 Census enumerated 5,825 people aged 100 years and older, compared to 4,635 in 2006 and 3,795 in 2001 (Figure 1).Figure 1
Number of centenarians by sex, Canada, 2001 to 2061

Between 2006 and 2011, the rate of population growth for this age group was 25.7%, the second highest of all age groups among the Canadian population, after the 60 to 64 age group (+29.1%). The growth rate of the centenarian population has often been one of the highest of all age groups in the last 40 years.

Centenarians counted in the 2011 Census were born in 1911 or earlier, at a time when the Canadian population was close to five times smaller (7.2 million) than in 2011 (33.5 million). These people were young children at the time of the First World War. They likely entered the labour force and started a family during the Great Depression of the 1930s. They became older adults during the baby boom period (1946 to 1965), and most of them retired in the 1970s.

Among these cohorts, the average number of children per woman was more than 2.7; in comparison, for cohorts born after 1949, the average number of children is below 2.0.

In 2011, about 40% of all centenarians in Canada were exactly 100, while 6% were 105 or over. Mortality rates above age 100 are quite high; therefore, among those aged exactly 100, about 60% will reach the age of 101.

Recent Statistics Canada’s population projections show that the number of centenarians will likely continue to rise. By 2031, it could reach more than 17,000 and by 2061, close to 80,000.Footnote1 By that time, most cohorts of baby boomers will have reached 100.

In addition, life expectancy is likely to continue to rise in Canada over the next decades, increasing the chance for individuals to reach 100 years.

More women than men reach the age of 100

The 2011 Census counted 4,870 women and 955 men aged 100 and over. The corresponding sex ratio was about 500 women for every 100 men, the highest of all age groups. Among the Canadian population, there were slightly more men than women up to age 26, after which there were more women than men. By age 65, there were about 125 women for 100 men and by age 80, 170 women per 100 men.

More women than men reach the age of 100 because women experience lower probabilities of dying at all ages than men. In 2008,Footnote2 life expectancy at birth was 78.5 years for men and 83.1 years for women.

International comparisons

The number of centenarians depends on the life expectancy and the size of the total population. The United States, for example, had a population about 10 times larger than Canada’s; the number of centenarians was also higher, with 53,000 people in 2010.

The rate of centenarians per 100,000 persons is useful in comparing countries of significantly different population sizes, such as G8 countries.

In 2011, Canada’s rate of 17.4 centenarians per 100,000 persons was slightly below the average of 19.7 among G8 countries (Figure 2).Figure 2
Rate of centenarians (per 100,000 persons), G8 countries, 2011

In the United States, the rate of centenarians was slightly lower than in Canada. Life expectancy in the United States, at 75.6 years for men and 80.8 years for women in 2007, was also slightly lower than in Canada.

Japan had the highest centenarian rate, at nearly 37 centenarians per 100,000 population, more than twice Canada’s rate. Life expectancy was the highest in Japan, at 79.6 years for men and 86.4 years for women in 2009.Footnote3

France, Italy and the United Kingdom also had higher centenarian rates than Canada. The population of these three countries is, on average, older than Canada’s. In France, for example, women had a life expectancy of 84.5 in 2008, compared to 83.1 in Canada.

In Russia, there were only four centenarians per 100,000 population. Life expectancy in Russia over the last 25 years has been well below that of other G8 countries (around 68 years for men and 74 years for women).

Centenarians in provinces and territories

In 2011, most centenarians in Canada lived in the three most populous provinces: Ontario (2,030), Quebec (1,345), and British Columbia (875).

In terms of rates, Saskatchewan had 31.0 centenarians per 100,000 persons in 2011, the highest of any province or territory (Figure 3). This rate was twice the national average of 17.4 and close to Japan’s rate.Figure 3
Rate of centenarians (per 100,000 persons), provinces and territories, Canada, 2011

The high rate of centenarians in Saskatchewan is related to the fact that for many years during the 20th Century, it had the highest life expectancy at birth of all provinces and territories.

Among all Canadian provinces, Newfoundland and Labrador had the lowest centenarian rate, at 10.7 per 100,000 population. Although Newfoundland and Labrador’s population was one of the oldest in Canada in 2011, its life expectancy at birth had probably been one the lowest among all provinces for the first half of the 20th Century.

For territories as a group, the centenarian rate was very low (4.7). The proportion of seniors aged 65 years and over was also much lower than the national average. In addition, life expectancy was lower (at 72.5 years for men and 78.5 years for women) than in other regions of Canada.

Women have a higher chance of reaching the age of 100

Men born in 1911 had a 0.3% chance to reach the age of 100, according to their cohort life table.Footnote5 For women born in 1911, the chances were higher, at 4.3%, owing to a longer life expectancy.

If mortality rates continue to decline in the next decades, the number of people belonging to the 2011 birth cohort and reaching the age of 100 (in 2111) is likely to be much higher than the number observed among birth cohorts of current centenarians.

Note to readers

Random rounding and percentage distributions: To ensure the confidentiality of responses collected for the 2011 Census, a random rounding process is used to alter the values reported in individual cells. As a result, when these data are summed or grouped, the total value may not match the sum of the individual values, since the total and subtotals are independently rounded. Similarly, percentage distributions, which are calculated on rounded data, may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Due to random rounding, counts and percentages may vary slightly between different census products, such as the analytical document, highlight tables, and topic-based tabulations.

Acknowledgments

This report was prepared by Laurent Martel and France-Pascale Ménard, of Statistics Canada’s Demography Division, with the assistance of staff members of Statistics Canada’s Census Subject Matter Secretariat, Geography Division, Census Operations Division, Dissemination Division and Communications Division.

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Documentary – Secrets of Centenarians

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Science & Environment
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-52007780

Mammal study explains ‘why females live longer’

By Matt McGrathEnvironment correspondent  

A new study that looks at lifespan in wild mammals shows that females live substantially longer than males.

The research finds that, on average, females live 18.6% longer than males from the same species.

This is much larger than the well-studied difference between men and women, which is around 8%.

The scientists say the differences in these other mammals are due to a combination of sex-specific traits and local environmental factors.

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The secret of living to 100

By Dr. Sanjay Gupta
CNN

(CNN) — Dr. Thomas Perls is a leading expert on aging, so I was a little nervous when he arrived recently at my house at 6:20 a.m. He was there to assess how the daily decisions I’m making are affecting my life expectancy.

Minutes into our walk with Bosco, my Weimaraner, I was in trouble. Perls asked me how much sleep I’d gotten the night before. Perls has a Web site called www.livingto100.comexternal link, which has a detailed life expectancy calculator. The calculator factors lifestyle, nutrition and family history to come up with an estimate of how long you’ll live.

I had to admit I’d been in surgery until 1 a.m. and had only slept for four hours. Routinely not getting enough sleep subtracts 1 year from your life expectancy, according to Perls. Fortunately, I usually sleep more than four hours, and when I do sleep, I’m dead to the world.

Dr. Perls liked my morning habit of walking Bosco. Even though he viewed the daily walk as a stress reliever, he considered my dual life as neurosurgeon and television correspondent as stressful. Subtract two years of life expectancy. Cutting back my work schedule to five days a week, instead of six, could add 1.5 years to my life.

During breakfast, Dr. Perls quizzed me about the frozen omelet I was eating. It was packed with protein, but a little too much fat for his liking. He also wanted to know how much I was eating at other meals. The well-known gerontologist told me I should be able to cover my meals with my hand.

Dr. Perls was pleased to see me brush and floss after breakfast. I didn’t realize that flossing not only helps prevent gum disease but heart disease as well. Add 1 year.

I run about three times a week. Add three years. Still, if I exercised every day, I could add five more years to my life expectancy, according to the calculator.

Weight training is especially important, according to Dr. Perls. The goal should be “really building muscle because we really start to be so prone to losing muscle, and that is such an important part of slowing down aging and decreasing the risk for age-related diseases. So much seems to boil down to having muscle on board,” Perls said.

Lifting weights helps maintain bone density and also lessens the risk of falls, which can have catastrophic consequences in the elderly.

Dr. Perls followed me into CNN Center. After an appearance on “American Morning,” I rejoined Dr. Perls to talk some more about my family history of heart disease and diabetes. From there, I checked on patients at Grady Hospital where I’m a neurosurgeon — stopped home briefly — then drove to the airport to catch an afternoon flight to Los Angeles, California, for a late-breaking story.

As I picked up my boarding pass, Dr. Perls gave me the verdict: according to his calculator, my life expectancy is 81 years. Not bad, but I was disappointed. My family history was probably the biggest thing dragging me down along with my 80-hour workweeks. But I took solace in knowing that if I improve my habits now, I can certainly add years to my life expectancy. So can you.

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100 Ways to Live to 100 
https://bestlifeonline.com/longevity/

THESE SIMPLE TIPS WILL HELP YOU LIVE LONG AND PROSPER!

At the beginning of the 20th century, the average lifespan was 31 years; today, it’s almost triple that, thanks to the cumulative effect of many, mostly minor, life tweaks that science has determined to have a real effect on longevity. The sooner you start applying these tips, the sooner you can start planning what you’ll be doing 50 years from now. So, what are you waiting for? Get started on these 100 ways to live to 100!

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The 12 Best Life Expectancy Calculators and Why You Should Use One When Planning Your Retirement February 19, 2020byKathleen Coxwell

Your longevity is one of the most significant unknowable factors that determine how much you need for retirement, how much you can spend, how much time you have to do the things you want to do and more. Estimating your longevity using one of the best life expectancy calculators can be a good way to improve the accuracy of your retirement financial and lifestyle projections

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This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 172f4953bde7969f7fa457f9a7ac63be.jpg

Technologies of the Future | Sadhguru and Michio kaku (2018) LIVE from Russia

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9U8yTAuxYzs
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RQ44wQwpCc

Technologies of the Future | Sadhguru and Michio kaku (2018) LIVE from Russia

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2045: A New Era for Humanity2045 InitiativeSUBSCRIBEhttp://2045.comhttp://gf2045.comIn February of 2012 the first Global Future 2045 Congress was held in Moscow. There, over 50 world leading scientists from multiple disciplines met to develop a strategy for the future development of humankind. One of the main goals of the Congress was to construct a global network of scientists to further research on the development of cybernetic technology, with the ultimate goal of transferring a human’s individual consciousness to an artificial carrier. 2012-2013. The global economic and social crises are exacerbated. The debates on the global paradigm of future development intensifies. New transhumanist movements and parties emerge. Russia 2045 transforms into World 2045. Simultaneously, the 2045.com international social network for open innovation is expanding. Here anyone interested may propose a project, take part in working on it, or fund it, or both. In the network, there are scientists, scholars, researchers, financiers and managers. 2013-2014. New centers working on cybernetic technologies for the development of radical life extension rise. The ‘race for immortality’ starts. 2015-2020. The Avatar is created — A robotic human copy controlled by thought via ‘brain-computer’ interface. It becomes as popular as a car. 2020. In Russia and in the world appear — in testing mode — several breakthrough projects: Android robots replace people in manufacturing tasks; android robot servants for every home; thought-controlled Avatars to provide telepresence in any place of the world and abolish the need business trips; flying cars; thought driven mobile communications built into the body or sprayed onto the skin. 2020-2025. An autonomous system providing life support for the brain and allowing it interaction with the environment is created. The brain is transplanted into an Avatar B. With Avatar B man receives new, expanded life. 2025. The new generation of Avatars provides complete transmission of sensations from all five sensory robot organs to the operator. 2030-2035. ReBrain — The colossal project of brain reverse engineering is implemented. World science comes very close to understanding the principles of consciousness. 2035. The first successful attempt to transfer one’s personality to an alternative carrier. The epoch of cybernetic immortality begins. 2040-2050. Bodies made of nanorobots that can take any shape arise alongside hologram bodies. 2045-2050. Drastic changes in social structure, and in scientific and technological development. All the for space expansion are established. For the man of the future, war and violence are unacceptable. The main priority of his development is spiritual self-improvement. A new era dawns: The era of neohumanity. 

Category

Science & Technology

SHOW LESS +++++++

Ray Kurzweil — Immortality By 2045 / Global Future 2045 Congress’2013

Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013 http://gf2045.com/ Ray Kurzweil Singularitarian Immortalist Director of Engineering at Google, famous inventor, author of How to Create a Mind. Immortality by 2045 The onset of the 21st century will be an era in which the very nature of what it means to be human will be both enriched and challenged, as our species breaks the shackles of its genetic legacy, and achieves inconceivable heights of intelligence, material progress, and longevity. The paradigm shift rate is now doubling every decade, so the twenty-first century will see 20,000 years of progress at today’s rate. Computation, communication, biological technologies—DNA sequencing, for example—brain scanning, knowledge of the human brain, and human knowledge in general are all accelerating at an ever faster pace, generally doubling price-performance, capacity, and bandwidth every year. Three-dimensional molecular computing will provide the hardware for human-level ‘strong’ AI well before 2030. The more important software insights will be gained in part from the reverse-engineering of the human brain, a process well under way. While the social and philosophical ramifications of these changes will be profound, and the threats they pose considerable, we will ultimately merge with our machines, live indefinitely, and be a billion times more intelligent… all within the next three to four decades. BIOGRAPHY A world-class prolific inventor and leading futurist author, “the restless genius” (Wall Street Journal) points to 2045 for the technological singularity when A.I. will surpass human intelligence in his New York Times best seller The Singularity is Near, Amazon’s #1 book in science and philosophy. Predicts imminent physical immortality in global media and, with Dr. Terry Grossman, M.D., explains why and how in his books Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever (2004) and Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever (2009). Details how to engineer synthetic minds in latest book How to Create a Mind (Nov. 2012). Ranked #8 among U.S. entrepreneurs by Inc. magazine, calling him the “rightful heir to Thomas Edison”. Named by PBS as one of 16 “revolutionaries who made America”. Principal inventor of the 1st CCD flat-bed scanner, the 1st omni-font optical character recognition, the 1st print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, the 1st text-to-speech synthesizer, the 1st music synthesizer capable of recreating the grand piano and other orchestral instruments, and the 1st commercially marketed large-vocabulary speech recognition. Recipient of National Medal of Technology, the U.S.’s highest honor in technology, 19 honorary doctorates and awards from 3 U.S. Presidents. Inducted into the National Inventor’s Hall of Fame by the US Patent Office.+++

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Dmitry Itskov — GF2045: On The Path to A New Evolutionary Strategy2045 InitiativeSUBSCRIBEGlobal Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013http://gf2045.com/Welcome to the Second International Global Future 2045 Congress, which we hold under the motto On The Path to A New Evolutionary Strategy. During our congress we will devote particular attention to enabling the fullest possible dialogue between scientists, prominent figures from society and industry and representatives of the world’s major spiritual traditions in order to discuss the prospects of android robotics; brain-computer interfaces; cognitive neuroprostheses; engineering of the human brain; human consciousness and more. The congress will discuss key topics such as the transformation of humanity; intelligent evolution; the emergence of an immortal meta-intelligence at the planetary scale; and much more. In fact, the scientific and social technologies that will be discussed can form the basis for the next and the first self-directed evolutionary step of mankind. Will this next evolutionary step create new problems for humanity? Probably, but if we do not take it, will we be able to overcome today’s existing crises? I am certain that if we want to continue to develop and change civilization for the better, we should resolve this evolutionary dilemma and create a new evolutionary strategy taking us to a society based on the five principles of high spirituality, high culture, high ethics, high science and high technology. Guided by scientific expertise, we need to ensure that the objectives and deadlines of the scientific projects of this new strategy are realistic. Via the media and in public forums, we must make the compelling case for the necessity and benefits of future societal transformations, and gain public support. We must lay the foundation for the openness and accessibility of future technologies, and make the idea of further self-directed evolution part of the new culture of society. I believe that the new evolutionary strategy should be considered at the level of large public and transnational organizations and government leaders. The Global Future 2045 congress is dedicated to these issues… and more. BIOGRAPHYDmitry Itskov co-founded a successful Internet business in 1999 and then evolved it into a diversified online media company, New Media Stars. In 2005, Dmitry decided to dedicate his time and effort to a major social project and in parallel, he began developing an interest in life-extension technologies. In 2009, he met with scientists and spiritual leaders and formed the idea of founding a public science project devoted to furthering human evolution — a social movement and online social network focused on popularizing the idea and accelerating the realization of cybernetic immortality. Dmitry commissioned a survey in 2010 of scientists and spiritual leaders on the topic of creating an artificial human body and transferring human consciousness to it. Assisted by leading Russian specialists in neural interfaces, artificial organs and cybernetic systems, he formulated his Avatar project, which later received the support of HH the Dalai Lama in March 2012. In 2011, he launched the non-profit organization Russia 2045 and then expanded the organization to the international 2045 Initiative and organized the first international Global Future 2045 congress, held in February of 2012 in Moscow. Aiming to identify global threats and opportunities related to the development of new technologies, the Congress developed recommendations for realizing an optimal future with the Avatar science project as a key element. To fully focus on realizing 2045 Initiative projects, he stepped down from his CEO position with New Media Stars in the spring of 2012. Dmitry received a degree in Corporate Management from the Plekhanov University of Economics in 2002.

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GF2045 / Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis2045 Initiative Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013http://gf2045.com/Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis with Biological Blood Substitutes and Brain-Computer Interfaces with Optional Neuroprostheses Dr. Alexander Kaplan Dr. Mikhail Lebedev Dr. Theodore Berger Dmitry Itskov More http://www.gf2045.com/program/ The human brain is the last organ in the body to die. This happens because the organs—heart, kidneys, liver etc.—which enable the activity of the living brain malfunction. From this arises a purely medical situation where the life of the brain must be supported without the natural organs which carry out this function. Scientists have not yet determined the possible life expectancy of the brain under the condition where its biochemistry, nutrition and energy are supported at the optimum level by artificial systems using the latest technologies. However, the science and technology to solve this problem are ready today. Nerve cells have unique features compared with all the other cells of the human body: 10 times more genes are activated in them; they do not accumulate copying mistakes when multiplying; they live by close interaction with each other; and are capable of rearranging intercellular connections when damaged. All of this would allow them to live for a very long time, were it not for malfunctions in the working of other bodily organs. Modern technologies already make it possible to replace any organ in the human body other than the brain, without adversely affecting its functions, and thus giving the brain itself the possibility of living for a long time. There are no serious fundamental restrictions to stop the nerve cells from existing in an artificial environment, for example for 5 to 10 times longer than they live, on average, in the human body. Modern achievements in neural science show that in terms of longevity, nerve cells can even overcome the species barrier, for example when they are transplanted from the brain of an animal of one species into the brain of an animal of another species which has a longer lifespan. The goal of the Russian project is to extend the lifespan of the brain by many times, and at the same time create highly advanced technologies for supporting the full existence of the brain and of the human personality beyond the lifespan of the biological organs of the human body, by means of a full-body prosthesis. Key technologies in this project include: improving surgical equipment, creating biological blood substitutes with the necessary hormonal-biochemical and energetic substrate; development of multi-channel brain computer interfaces with two-way information exchange; and development of neural prostheses to repair structures of the brain itself that have malfunctioned. This project is to be realized in collaboration with several US neuroscience laboratories, which have been highly successful in creating multi-channel systems to interface with the brain, and in the development of neural prostheses.  

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CNBC

If you can’t defeat death, what if you could postpone it, or at least postpone the diseases commonly associated with getting old? Many people, especially the ultra-wealthy in Silicon Valley, are investing money into companies trying to answer exactly those questions.

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Water Memory (2014 Documentary about Nobel Prize laureate Luc Montagnier)wocomoDOCS Water is the key element of life, but new information is coming to light on the element which we thought we were so familiar with: information which could potentially reimagine our tree of life. That is the belief shared by the advocates of a surprising theory called “water memory”. For Prof. Luc Montagnier, water has the ability to reproduce the properties of any substance it once contained. Water would have the ability to retain a memory of the properties of the molecules. What if Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, autism, HIV and even cancer could be treated thanks to this controversial theory? Subscribe to wocomoDOCS for more documentaries in full length: https://goo.gl/q5GXI6 ++ 

TEDxBrussels – David Duncan – When I’m 164TEDx Talks

23.7M subscribers From a pill for longevity to a personal reserve of stem cells, David Duncan explores the pros and cons of the potential treatments that could let us live to 164. http://www.tedxbrussels.eu++ 

100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything, From Careers and Relationships to Family and Faith by Sonia Arrison 

Paperback Bunko
$26.35

100 Plus- How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything: Sonia Arrison at TEDxLAMiracleMile

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100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything, From Careers and Relationships to Family and Faith by Sonia Arrison 

Paperback Bunko
$26.35

https://youtube.com/watch?v=_xCD0k5Ggbg%3Ffeature%3Doembed

100 Plus- How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything: Sonia Arrison at TEDxLAMiracleMile

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One Hundred Years of Solitude (P.S.) (Modern Classics)
One Hundred Years of Solitude (P.S.) (Modern Classics)

by Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Gregory Rabassa $28.15

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A New Era for Humanity
2045 Initiative In February of 2012 the first Global Future 2045 Congress was held in Moscow. There, over 50 world leading scientists from multiple disciplines met to develop a strategy for the future development of humankind. One of the main goals of the Congress was to construct a global network of scientists to further research on the development of cybernetic technology, with the ultimate goal of transferring a human’s individual consciousness to an artificial carrier. 2012-2013. The global economic and social crises are exacerbated. The debates on the global paradigm of future development intensifies. New transhumanist movements and parties emerge. Russia 2045 transforms into World 2045. Simultaneously, the 2045.com international social network for open innovation is expanding. Here anyone interested may propose a project, take part in working on it, or fund it, or both. In the network, there are scientists, scholars, researchers, financiers and managers. 2013-2014. New centers working on cybernetic technologies for the development of radical life extension rise. The ‘race for immortality’ starts. 2015-2020. The Avatar is created — A robotic human copy controlled by thought via ‘brain-computer’ interface. It becomes as popular as a car. 2020. In Russia and in the world appear — in testing mode — several breakthrough projects: Android robots replace people in manufacturing tasks; android robot servants for every home; thought-controlled Avatars to provide telepresence in any place of the world and abolish the need business trips; flying cars; thought driven mobile communications built into the body or sprayed onto the skin. 2020-2025. An autonomous system providing life support for the brain and allowing it interaction with the environment is created. The brain is transplanted into an Avatar B. With Avatar B man receives new, expanded life. 2025. The new generation of Avatars provides complete transmission of sensations from all five sensory robot organs to the operator. 2030-2035. ReBrain — The colossal project of brain reverse engineering is implemented. World science comes very close to understanding the principles of consciousness. 2035. The first successful attempt to transfer one’s personality to an alternative carrier. The epoch of cybernetic immortality begins. 2040-2050. Bodies made of nanorobots that can take any shape arise alongside hologram bodies. 2045-2050. Drastic changes in social structure, and in scientific and technological development. All the for space expansion are established. For the man of the future, war and violence are unacceptable. The main priority of his development is spiritual self-improvement. A new era dawns: The era of neohumanity.       +++++++

Ray Kurzweil — Immortality By 2045 / Global Future 2045 Congress’2013

Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013 http://gf2045.com/ Ray Kurzweil Singularitarian Immortalist Director of Engineering at Google, famous inventor, author of How to Create a Mind. Immortality by 2045 The onset of the 21st century will be an era in which the very nature of what it means to be human will be both enriched and challenged, as our species breaks the shackles of its genetic legacy, and achieves inconceivable heights of intelligence, material progress, and longevity. The paradigm shift rate is now doubling every decade, so the twenty-first century will see 20,000 years of progress at today’s rate. Computation, communication, biological technologies—DNA sequencing, for example—brain scanning, knowledge of the human brain, and human knowledge in general are all accelerating at an ever faster pace, generally doubling price-performance, capacity, and bandwidth every year. Three-dimensional molecular computing will provide the hardware for human-level ‘strong’ AI well before 2030. The more important software insights will be gained in part from the reverse-engineering of the human brain, a process well under way. While the social and philosophical ramifications of these changes will be profound, and the threats they pose considerable, we will ultimately merge with our machines, live indefinitely, and be a billion times more intelligent… all within the next three to four decades. BIOGRAPHY A world-class prolific inventor and leading futurist author, “the restless genius” (Wall Street Journal) points to 2045 for the technological singularity when A.I. will surpass human intelligence in his New York Times best seller The Singularity is Near, Amazon’s #1 book in science and philosophy. Predicts imminent physical immortality in global media and, with Dr. Terry Grossman, M.D., explains why and how in his books Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever (2004) and Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever (2009). Details how to engineer synthetic minds in latest book How to Create a Mind (Nov. 2012). Ranked #8 among U.S. entrepreneurs by Inc. magazine, calling him the “rightful heir to Thomas Edison”. Named by PBS as one of 16 “revolutionaries who made America”. Principal inventor of the 1st CCD flat-bed scanner, the 1st omni-font optical character recognition, the 1st print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, the 1st text-to-speech synthesizer, the 1st music synthesizer capable of recreating the grand piano and other orchestral instruments, and the 1st commercially marketed large-vocabulary speech recognition. Recipient of National Medal of Technology, the U.S.’s highest honor in technology, 19 honorary doctorates and awards from 3 U.S. Presidents. Inducted into the National Inventor’s Hall of Fame by the US Patent Office. +++

Kurzweil Claims That the Singularity Will Happen by 2045

https://futurism.com › kurzweil-claims-that-the-singularity-will-happen-by-Oct 5, 2017 – Uploaded by World Economic Forum

I have set the date 2045 for the ‘Singularity’ which is when we will multiply our effective intelligence a …

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Dmitry Itskov — GF2045: On The Path to A New Evolutionary Strategy2045 InitiativeSUBSCRIBE Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013 http://gf2045.com/ Welcome to the Second International Global Future 2045 Congress, which we hold under the motto On The Path to A New Evolutionary Strategy. During our congress we will devote particular attention to enabling the fullest possible dialogue between scientists, prominent figures from society and industry and representatives of the world’s major spiritual traditions in order to discuss the prospects of android robotics; brain-computer interfaces; cognitive neuroprostheses; engineering of the human brain; human consciousness and more. The congress will discuss key topics such as the transformation of humanity; intelligent evolution; the emergence of an immortal meta-intelligence at the planetary scale; and much more. In fact, the scientific and social technologies that will be discussed can form the basis for the next and the first self-directed evolutionary step of mankind. Will this next evolutionary step create new problems for humanity? Probably, but if we do not take it, will we be able to overcome today’s existing crises? I am certain that if we want to continue to develop and change civilization for the better, we should resolve this evolutionary dilemma and create a new evolutionary strategy taking us to a society based on the five principles of high spirituality, high culture, high ethics, high science and high technology. Guided by scientific expertise, we need to ensure that the objectives and deadlines of the scientific projects of this new strategy are realistic. Via the media and in public forums, we must make the compelling case for the necessity and benefits of future societal transformations, and gain public support. We must lay the foundation for the openness and accessibility of future technologies, and make the idea of further self-directed evolution part of the new culture of society. I believe that the new evolutionary strategy should be considered at the level of large public and transnational organizations and government leaders. The Global Future 2045 congress is dedicated to these issues… and more. BIOGRAPHYDmitry Itskov co-founded a successful Internet business in 1999 and then evolved it into a diversified online media company, New Media Stars. In 2005, Dmitry decided to dedicate his time and effort to a major social project and in parallel, he began developing an interest in life-extension technologies. In 2009, he met with scientists and spiritual leaders and formed the idea of founding a public science project devoted to furthering human evolution — a social movement and online social network focused on popularizing the idea and accelerating the realization of cybernetic immortality. Dmitry commissioned a survey in 2010 of scientists and spiritual leaders on the topic of creating an artificial human body and transferring human consciousness to it. Assisted by leading Russian specialists in neural interfaces, artificial organs and cybernetic systems, he formulated his Avatar project, which later received the support of HH the Dalai Lama in March 2012. In 2011, he launched the non-profit organization Russia 2045 and then expanded the organization to the international 2045 Initiative and organized the first international Global Future 2045 congress, held in February of 2012 in Moscow. Aiming to identify global threats and opportunities related to the development of new technologies, the Congress developed recommendations for realizing an optimal future with the Avatar science project as a key element. To fully focus on realizing 2045 Initiative projects, he stepped down from his CEO position with New Media Stars in the spring of 2012. Dmitry received a degree in Corporate Management from the Plekhanov University of Economics in 2002.

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GF2045 / Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis2045 Initiative   Global Future 2045 Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution / New York City, 2013 http://gf2045.com/ Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis with Biological Blood Substitutes and Brain-Computer Interfaces with Optional Neuroprostheses Dr. Alexander Kaplan Dr. Mikhail Lebedev Dr. Theodore Berger Dmitry Itskov More http://www.gf2045.com/program/ The human brain is the last organ in the body to die. This happens because the organs—heart, kidneys, liver etc.—which enable the activity of the living brain malfunction. From this arises a purely medical situation where the life of the brain must be supported without the natural organs which carry out this function. Scientists have not yet determined the possible life expectancy of the brain under the condition where its biochemistry, nutrition and energy are supported at the optimum level by artificial systems using the latest technologies. However, the science and technology to solve this problem are ready today. Nerve cells have unique features compared with all the other cells of the human body: 10 times more genes are activated in them; they do not accumulate copying mistakes when multiplying; they live by close interaction with each other; and are capable of rearranging intercellular connections when damaged. All of this would allow them to live for a very long time, were it not for malfunctions in the working of other bodily organs. Modern technologies already make it possible to replace any organ in the human body other than the brain, without adversely affecting its functions, and thus giving the brain itself the possibility of living for a long time. There are no serious fundamental restrictions to stop the nerve cells from existing in an artificial environment, for example for 5 to 10 times longer than they live, on average, in the human body. Modern achievements in neural science show that in terms of longevity, nerve cells can even overcome the species barrier, for example when they are transplanted from the brain of an animal of one species into the brain of an animal of another species which has a longer lifespan. The goal of the Russian project is to extend the lifespan of the brain by many times, and at the same time create highly advanced technologies for supporting the full existence of the brain and of the human personality beyond the lifespan of the biological organs of the human body, by means of a full-body prosthesis. Key technologies in this project include: improving surgical equipment, creating biological blood substitutes with the necessary hormonal-biochemical and energetic substrate; development of multi-channel brain computer interfaces with two-way information exchange; and development of neural prostheses to repair structures of the brain itself that have malfunctioned. This project is to be realized in collaboration with several US neuroscience laboratories, which have been highly successful in creating multi-channel systems to interface with the brain, and in the development of neural prostheses.     +++++++++

Water Memory (2014 Documentary about Nobel Prize laureate Luc Montagnier)wocomoDOCS   Water is the key element of life, but new information is coming to light on the element which we thought we were so familiar with: information which could potentially reimagine our tree of life. That is the belief shared by the advocates of a surprising theory called “water memory”. For Prof. Luc Montagnier, water has the ability to reproduce the properties of any substance it once contained. Water would have the ability to retain a memory of the properties of the molecules. What if Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, autism, HIV and even cancer could be treated thanks to this controversial theory? Subscribe to wocomoDOCS for more documentaries in full length: https://goo.gl/q5GXI6   ++  

TEDxBrussels – David Duncan – When I’m 164TEDx Talks   From a pill for longevity to a personal reserve of stem cells, David Duncan explores the pros and cons of the potential treatments that could let us live to 164. http://www.tedxbrussels.eu ++++++++++

Life Expectancy Calculator

The Living to 100 Life Expectancy Calculator uses the most current and carefully researched medical and scientific data in order to estimate how old you will live to be. Most people score in their late eighties… how about you?

The calculator asks you 40 quick questions related to your health and family history, and takes about 10 minutes to complete. At the end, you will be asked to create an account to store your answers.

Dr Tom Perls

TAKE THE life expectancy CALCULATOR

In addition you will receive:

  • Personalized feedback for each of your answers
  • A Personalized “To-Do” list for you and your physician
  • A list of things you can do differently and how many years you will add if you do so
  • The option to sign up to take the calculator again so you can keep track of your answers and see if your calculated life expectancy gets better or worse. We will send you a yearly reminder to come visit u

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Healthy at 100: The Scientifically Proven Secrets of the World's Healthiest and Longest-Lived Peoples
Healthy at 100: The Scientifically Proven Secrets of the World’s Healthiest and Longest-Lived Peoples by John Robbins  | Aug 28, 2007 4.6 out of 5 stars214Paperback$18.00Kindle$10.99 +++++++++++++++  

On Being 100: 31 Centenarians Share Their Extraordinary Lives and Wisdom
On Being 100: 31 Centenarians Share Their Extraordinary Lives and Wisdom

by Liane Enkelis  | Sep 28, 2000   Hardcover$40.00 ==================  

Extraordinary Centenarians in America: Their Secrets to Living a Long Vibrant Life
Extraordinary Centenarians in America: Their Secrets to Living a Long Vibrant Life

by Gwen Weiss-NumeroffKindle   $4.99Hardcover  $34.74Paperback  $15.99  

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Centenarian Secrets: 12 Ways to 100 Birthdays by [Marcus, Lee, Matt Bishop]

Centenarian Secrets: 12 Ways to 100 Birthdays Kindle Editionby Lee Marcus (Author), Matt Bishop (Author)

Kindle $0.74

Discover the 12 centenarian secrets of living a longer, happier life.

In the year 1850 the life expectancy for white males was 38 years old. Fifty years later, the life expectancy had increased by TEN YEARS. By 1980, it had increased by TWENTY YEARS and was totally normal for people to live on in to their 70’s and 80’s. In 2012, in America at least, the average life expectancy was 77.8 (We Rank 48th). San Marino and Singapore tied for 3rd place at an average of 81.7 years, and Andorra took the gold with its people living an average of 83.5 years!

Live longer. Heck, live to 100!

Whether you actually want to live to see 100 or not is irrelevant. Who WOULDN’T want to feel better, look better and perform better? If you’ve ever been sick or bedridden due to an illness or health problems, you can surely appreciate the days when you are healthy and feeling full of energy. In this book I’ll briefly cover 12 different things that you can do to improve your health and possibly add years to your life.

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You Can't Catch Me!: 100 Sayings from a Jamaican Centenarian
You Can’t Catch Me!: 100 Sayings from a Jamaican Centenarian

by Victoria A. Kelly and Jennifer D. Vassel | Jan 3, 2020 Paperback$100.99 ============

Age 101 and Still Having Fun!: A memoir about my Mom, a strong, independent, and unconventional Centenarian who reached the ripe old age of 102

Age 101 and Still Having Fun!: A memoir about my Mom, a strong, independent, and unconventional Centenarian who reached the ripe old age of 102 by Anne Dobkin Kindle$9.95Paperback    $9.95   ++

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Dr. Oz The Good Life Magazine May 2019 100+ Healthy Shortcuts Flat Belly Secrets

Dr. Oz The Good Life Magazine May 2019 100+ Healthy Shortcuts Flat Belly Secretsby Dr. Oz The Good Life Magazine | Jan 1, 2019  $15.95 

Lists of 100 best books
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Many publishers have lists of 100 best books, defined by their own criteria. This article enumerates some lists of “100 best” books for which there are fuller articles.

Among them, Science Fiction: The 100 Best Novels (Xanadu, 1985) and Modern Fantasy: The 100 Best Novels (Grafton, 1988) are collections of 100 short essays by a single author, David Pringle, with moderately long critical introductory chapters also by Pringle. For publisher Xanadu, Science Fiction was the first of four ”100 Best” books published from 1985 to 1988. The sequels covered crime and mystery, horror, and fantasy.

Read more : https://wiki2.org/en/Lists_of_100_best_books

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Best 100 Books To Read In A Lifetime: Books – Amazon.com

So many books, so little time. With this in mind, the Amazon Books editors set out to compile a list of 100 Books to Read in a Lifetime. We had a few goals when we started out: We wanted the list to cover all stages of a life (which is why you’ll find children’s books in here), and we didn’t want the list to feel like homework. Of course, no such list can be comprehensive – our lives, we hope, are long and varied – but we talked and argued and sifted and argued some more and came up with a list, our list, of favorites. What do you think? How did we do?

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Time magazine special edition at: Amazon

TIME The Science of Happiness:

New Discoveries for a More Joyful Life Single Issue Magazine – $19.99

“Don’t worry, be happy.” Sounds simple enough, yet many encounter setbacks in their pursuit of happiness. What if we could definitively say: “If you do this, you will achieve a happier and healthier life?” What if we could unlock the key to happiness? Enter Science.

In an all new special edition from TIME, The Science of Happiness: New Discoveries for a More Joyful Life, editors investigate exclusive, cutting-edge research from the Lee Kum Sheung Center for Health and Happiness. Focusing in on the debate surrounding whether or not there is a direct relationship between happiness and health, this special edition explores the factors that affect happiness in three outlined sections – mind, life and spirit – and considers aspects such as positivity, optimism, purpose, family, finance, spirituality, and gratitude, in order to examine happiness from different angles. Although the research included in The Science of Happiness is a work in progress, it is a step toward unlocking the key to happiness by grounding a cute catchphrase in fact and science.

Please note that this product is an authorized edition published by Time Inc. and sold by Amazon. This edition is printed using a high quality matte interior paper and printed on demand for immediate fulfillment.

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TIME The Science of Laughter Kindle Edition

by The Editors of TIME (Author)  Format: Kindle Edition

Single Issue Magazine
$13.99

TIME The Science of Laughter by [The Editors of TIME]

Have you ever wondered why we laugh? If giggling is contagious? If laughter really is the best medicine? Discover that and more in this special edition, TIMEThe Science of Laughter.

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TIME Alternative Medicine Single Issue Magazine – January 17, 2020

by The Editors of TIME (Author)

Single Issue Magazine $14.61

Much of what has long been labeled “alternative” medicine is actually viable ancient wisdom common for millennia. In a time of skyrocketing health insurance costs and with prescription drugs that often seem to cause as much harm as good, these natural, time-tested practices have moved into the mainstream. Between 30 and 40 percent of Americans seek out alternative treatments, such as acupuncture and natural remedies, spending more than $30 billion each year. Now, this special edition helps you unpack the sea of choices and navigate the trends for science-backed information. Trace a timeline to the origins of these modern treatments and explore the effective mystery of acupuncture; how to bend and be well with yoga; the healing power of plants, including cannabis; the dietary cleanse and the simple power of mindfulness to reduce stress. You’ll even find tips on getting coverage from your insurance company. Reconsider the brutal costs and unnecessary side effects of many modern preventions and treatments with this special edition of alternatives. Please note that this product is an authorized edition published by the Meredith Corporation and sold by Amazon. This edition is printed using a high quality matte interior paper and printed on demand for immediate fulfillment.

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TIME Mental Health by [The Editors of TIME]
TIME Mental Health Kindle Edition

by The Editors of TIME (Author) 

Single Issue Magazine $12.94 Kindl from $6.99

People at all stages of life experience mental illness, including anxiety and depression. There has never been a better understanding of how the right support, lifestyle and approach can begin to crack the code and lead toward better health. Now, in a new Special Edition, Mental Health: A New Understanding, the editors of TIME take a look at the vast world of mental health from understanding the causes and symptoms of mental disorders to feeling better, including the power of exercise, why your pets are good for your mental health, and the benefits of pharmaceutical aides, therapy and other ways to alleviate pain. There is also guidance on how to help a friend or loved one who is suffering from mental illness and understanding life as an addict. Additionally, we look at suicide, depression amongst college-age children and why the loneliness epidemic should be taken very seriously. Mental Health is an excellent primer on understanding our own minds.

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TIME The Science of Memory Kindle Edition

by The Editors of Time

TIME The Science of Memory by [The Editors of Time]

The editors of TIME Magazine present The Science of Memory. Single Issue Magazine $13.99

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TIME The Power of Habits by [. The Editors of TIME]
TIME The Power of Habits Kindle Edition

by . The Editors of TIME (Author) Single Issue Magazine $13.99

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TIME The Science of Weight Loss Kindle Edition

Format: Kindle Edition

Single Issue Magazine $13.99

Learn the Secrets to Dining Out and How to Win the Eating vs. Exercise Battle

The formula for weight loss should be simple: cut back on calories, increase the amount you exercise, and the pounds should fly-and stay-off. But it’s not always that simple, and we’ve learned that even the most successful dieters end up gaining the weight back-and then some-80% of the time. Thanks to a growing movement that focuses on healthy lifestyle tweaks rather than the latest fad or extreme diets, there’s more than one approach to losing weight, and keeping it off.

The Science of Weight Loss, the new special edition from editors of TIME, shares the latest insights from industry leaders to help you put your health and wellness plan into action. Along the way you’ll learn the benefits of intermittent fasting, clean living, and secrets from Hollywood’s top trainers. Did somebody say wine? Studies have shown that those who drank moderately gained less weight over time than those who never imbibed at all. And you’ll be delighted to find that you don’t need to adopt the lifestyle of a marathon runner-a brisk walk happens to be hugely effective for weight loss!

Whether you’re preparing for summer, maintaining that New Year’s resolution, or simply looking to ease some stress, The Science of Weight Loss provides the latest findings that will help you live your best life, today.

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TIME 100 Most Healing Foods: +20 Delicious Recipes Kindle Edition

by The Editors of TIME (Author)

TIME 100 Most Healing Foods: +20 Delicious Recipes by [The Editors of TIME]

Single Issue Magazine $13.99

Put these 100 powerful foods to work for you.

That we need food to survive is evident, but it is also becoming increasingly clear that what we choose to eat can either harm or heal us. In an age where the vast majority of American adults fail to eat the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables a day, it is impossible to overstate the impact that food has on our livelihood. It has been used as medicine for hundreds of years and different cultures have long-standing cures and corrections for everyday ailments-in fact, many doctors prescribe fruits and vegetables for better health!

This new Special Edition from TIME presents 100 foods that will help bolster your health in unique ways. Some protect against cancer (think broccoli, turnips, and eggplant) and anti-inflammatory disorders (more reasons to enjoy pineapples, mushrooms, and swiss chard), while others ease cold symptoms and digestive issues. And because cooking gives us control over what we put in our bodies, there are also 20 creative recipes and simple tips for how to enjoy each of these foods (for instance, a flavorful Feta Herb Edamame Succotash). TIME’s 100 Most Healing Foods proves that filling our plates with colorful fruits and vegetables, power proteins, grains, nuts, and spices can set us up for long-term health and happiness!

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TIME Secrets of Living Longer by [The Editors Of TIME]
TIME Secrets of Living Longer Kindle Edition

by The Editors Of TIME (Author) 

Single Issue Magazine $13.99 Kindle from $6.99

The editors of TIME reveal the new data on how best to live, not just a longer, but also a happier life. Join TIME to find out what diet helps people live the longest, to learn if brain games can keep your mind young, and to discover the latest news from the frontiers of longevity.

  • Learn how your outlook can change how you age – at the cellular level.
  • Find out why married people really do live longer.
  • Discover the truth about a modern antiaging elixir.

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TIME The Science of Success by [TIME Magazine]
TIME The Science of Success Kindle Edition

by TIME Magazine (Editor)  Format: Kindle Edition

Single Issue Magazine $14.99

Why do some people exceed even their own expectations while others struggle? Why does success seem to come so easily to certain people while others who work just as hard never quite thrive? And what can anyone do to increase his or her edge? Now, in this special edition, reconsider what success means to you and discover the many and various forces that can influence it. Reframe the way you think about your life to increase your odds for success. Consider the simple, small actions that add up over time. Define the vague and important concepts of discipline and luck. Take a closer look at the biology of success, the importance of attitude, success in social media, and the secrets of world leaders, politicians, athletes and businesspeople who achieved high success against the odds. Let this special edition set you up for what success means to you!

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Alex Morgan scores 100th international goal for the USWNT | FOX Sports

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What Centenarians Can Tell Us About The Secret To Living Beyond 100 | Jason Prall

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Documentary – Secrets of Centenarians

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KscnT6FxMIQ+
HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/KSCNT6FXMIQ
Becoming immortal | VPRO documentary | 2018

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Leo Messi reaches 100 goals in the Champions League

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My 101 Lifetime Goals List (& Why You Should Have One, Too …

https://www.jackcanfield.com › blog › my-101-lifetime-goals-list-and-why-y… Feb 8, 2017 – Uploaded by Jack Canfield

When you have a long list of goals you‘d like to achieveyou have more to strive for, and more ..     ++++Ronaldo crushes Messi in headers & overall - STATSChampions League New History, Cristiano Ronaldo Print 100 Goals ...++++++

100 Life Goals to achieve
https://www.100goalsclub.com/100-life-goals.html

THE ULTIMATE LIST OF 100 LIFE GOALS TO ACHIEVE

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100 LIFE GOALS: THE ULTIMATE LIST OF THE BEST LONG-TERM GOALS

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50 Reasons To Exercise (motivation) by: Adam Pecoraro

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Charles-Eugster
https://drhyman.com/blog/2019/08/02/training-for-the-centenarian-olympics/   Aug 2, 2019 – Dr. Attia likes to consider his action plan for longevity as training for the Centenarian Olympics. If we look at the functions we want to retain in … ++++++++++++++
How to Be Fit at 100: The Centenarian Olympics
++++++++++++ This 93-year-old has a message for us: “A beach body at 90 is no longer a dream” Charles Eugster may be 93, but he has no less spring in his step than he did as a young man. In this talk from TEDxZurich, he brings us a powerful statistic: 92% of Americans over the age of 65 have one or more chronic diseases. While many clearly cannot be avoided, Eugster points out that inactivity is to blame for many of the diseases those who have lived long lives endure.During the golden years, people retire and tend to slow down  — and yet there is a connection between work and one’s physical and mental health. But life doesn’t need to finish after retirement, which Eugster calls “voluntary or involuntary unemployment for up to 30 years.” That’s why Eugster has taken up rowing. And weightlifting. Watch this TEDxTalk about the factors for successful aging from a formidable speaker, who urges us to “break off the shackles of convention!”     https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=rGgoCm1hofM&feature=emb_logo     ++++++++++

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Becoming immortal | VPRO documentary | 2018

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Self Realization is the Highest Healing

Deepak explains how everything in the universe is an activity and he guides you to know yourself as the infinite.

For more visit: The Chopra Well

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Deepak Chopra – Can the Mind Heal the Body?

It is standard medicine that mental states can affect physical states. That’s how placebos work—when sham drugs improve health, working by inducing the body to generate hormones. But some claim that the mind goes even further in healing the body, operating through consciousness in some nonphysical manner.

Closer To Truth :https://www.closertotruth.com/series/how-do-human-brains-think-and-feel

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Sadhguru’s Top 10 Rules For Success
Motivation Video Hub

Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev is an Indian yogi, mystic, philanthropist and author. He founded the Isha Foundation, a non-profit organisation which offers yoga programs around the world. He also founded Project Green Hands a grassroots ecological initiative which was awarded the highest Indian environmental award. He’s Sadhguru and here are his Top 10 Rules for Success.

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The Nature Of Things:

The Nature of Things is one of the most successful series in the history of Canadian television. Hosted by the world-renowned geneticist and environmentalist David Suzuki.

The Curious Case of Vitamins and Me CBC :

DESCRIPTION

Intrepid filmmaker and health-freak Bryce Sage travels from Washington, D.C. to San Francisco to find out why we really need vitamins and if we should be using supplements

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10 Weird But Simple Habits To Live Longer BRIGHT SIDE How to live a long life? We all wanna take care of our body so that it’ll serve us longer. But depriving yourself of life’s little pleasures (like a big greasy burger or a honey-glazed donut!) can often set you up for failure. The temptation is just too much! The good news is that you can take care of yourself without giving up the things you love. All you’ve gotta do to extend your life is change your daily habits.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTDfRXxm-ns
7 Things That Shorten Your Lifespan Bestie
7 things that shorten your lifespan. Did you know that 70 percent of American adults engage in some form of life-shortening activity? If you have more than three bad habits, you are 6 times more likely to be in poor health. #HeartAttack #Lifespan #LifeExpectancy Sources: https://pastebin.com/duzKkGYY Timestamps: Intro – 0:00 Running:01:03 Loneliness:01:59 Smoking:03:26 Air Travel:04:18 Being Grumpy:06:25 Unemployment:07:48 Having Too Much Sex:09:07
9 Things That Happen To Your Body As You Age Bestie
In today’s video, we will discuss changes that your body undergoes as you age. Do you develop digestive issues? Do you get shorter? What about bladder woes and immunity? We’re talking about all of this AND more. Other videos recommended for you: WATCH ?: This Anti-Aging Protein Can Help You Look Younger – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zaze… WATCH ?: Remove Wrinkles With An Anti Aging Banana Face Mask – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2z7u… #Aging #EffectsOfAging #Bestie Sources: https://pastebin.com/5xV1DPPg Timestamps: Intro – 0:00 Digestive issues – 00:34 You Get Shorter – 01:25 Reduced Sweat – 02:10 Fewer Colds, But Weaker Immunity – 02:40 Your Bladder Has a Mind of Its Own – 03:28 Less sensitivity in organs – 04:07 Reduced Brain Size – 04:47 Reduced Teeth Sensitivity – 05:11 You get happier – 05:53

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1+Best 100 Natural Health food, books, products and services

2+Training for the Centenarian Olympics  Dr. Mark Hyman

3+ https://www.bbc.com/future/100-year-life

100 Year Life BBC future special Read and watch 100s of articles or videos about health, longevity, and centenarians at: BBC.com

 LONGEVITY

View Page

Gardening could be the hobby that helps you live to 100

Many of the world’s centenarians share one common hobby: gardening. Could you extend your life and drop your stress by taking up the pursuit, too?

Okinawa in Japan has one of the world’s higest concentration of centenarians (Credit: Getty Images)

Researchers have demonstrated a link between a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish and olive oil with slower aging (Credit: Alamy)

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Can You Live Forever(2012) Discovery Adam savage living forever This enlightening and entertaining video takes a look at upcoming technologies that may in fact allow us to live to be a thousand years old, without looking like Yoda. It is presented by Adam Savage from the popular show Mythbusters and less popular but equally entertaining youtube show “Still untitled, the Adam Savage project”…..What would it be like to be immortal? It’s the year 2967 and Adam Savage is 1000 years old. He reflects on his long life revealing how science in the 21st century transformed his body, creating a supercharged cyber-human, allowing him to live forever. at: https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x14ob1y

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Time Limits – The Secrets of Nature The Secrets of Nature We perceive time in terms of seconds — the length of a heartbeat. We can’t even imagine events that unfold over several days and years or be aware of elementary particles that flash into existence for less than a billionth of a second without high-tech camera equipment and exceptional filming techniques
What Happens To The Brain In Old Age? | The Brain Fitness Program Spark
Host Peter Coyote unravels the secrets and mysteries behind this cutting edge science to offer one of the most inspiring and optimistic views of human brain health – how to help the brain help itself. This program explores the foundation of these new discoveries and illustrates a system for strengthening the brain to make it perform with more agility, speed and comprehension particularly in the area of sound processing and hearing. It is based on the premise that if we exercise our brain, as we do our bodies, we can continue to operate at a high peak of attention in which all of our senses remain sharp and fully engaged until the last days of our lives.

How Brushing Your Teeth Increases Your Lifespan | The Truth About Your Teeth Spark
There’s something rotten in the state of Britain’s teeth. Today, millions of people are living with tooth decay, gum disease, broken teeth, and bad breath. And, for some people the problem has gotten out of control. We want to do something about it, so we’ve set up our own special clinic in one of the busiest dental hospitals in the UK, King’s College Hospital in London. Over the next six months, our team of top consultants and dental specialists will help to fix Britain’s teeth.
The Fantastical World Of Hormones With Dr John Wass (Full Biology Documentary) Spark
Hormones shape each and every one of us, affecting almost every aspect of our lives – our height, our weight, our appetites, how we grow and reproduce, and even how we behave and feel. This documentary tells the wonderful and often weird story of how hormones were discovered. Presenter John Wass, one the country’s leading experts on hormones, relates some amazing stories – how as recently as the 19th century boys were castrated to keep their pure soprano voice, how juices were extracted from testicles in the hope they would rejuvenate old men and how true medical heroes like Frederick Banting discovered a way to make insulin, thus saving the lives of countless diabetes sufferers. And hormones remain at the cutting edge of medicine as we try and deal with modern scourges like obesity.

How To Hack Your Stress Response l The Truth About Stress Spark
The World Health Organisation has described stress as ‘the health epidemic of the 21st century’. In this episode Fiona Phillips examines why we are experiencing increased amounts of stress in our daily lives and what actions we can take in order to reduce it.

Painkillers and The Placebo Effect l The Doctor Who Gave Up Drugs Spark
Last year, doctors in the UK handed over a billion prescriptions, a 50 percent rise in the last 10 years. Dr Chris van Tulleken knows drugs save lives, but he believes Britain’s prescription drug binge is dangerous. In the first episode of this series, Dr Chris examines the effects and side effects of these drugs on our bodies.
Brain Doping: Can A Pill Make You Smarter? Spark
This documentary takes a look at the effects of Brain Doping, offering a look at whether a pill can actually make you smarter.

What Starch Does To Our Gut Bacteria l The Truth About Carbs Spark
We all love eating carbs, and they are usually right at the heart of our diets. The problem is that with 63 per cent of UK adults now considered overweight or obese, many experts think that we are eating far too many wrong sorts of carbohydrate. Dr Xand van Tulleken, a self-professed lover of carbs, investigates cutting-edge research into the possible link between carb consumption and infertility in both women and men, and looks into whether genetic changes are taking place as we pass our eating habits on to our children.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WY7Jo3A07ic
The Science Behind Kindness (Human Psychology Documentary) Spark
For generations, we’ve believed that man is driven only by ruthless self-interest. But over the past decade, this idea has been increasingly challenged. New research from fields as diverse as political science, psychology, sociology and experimental economics is forcing us to rethink human actions and motivation.

The Richness of Time World Science Festival
Join a physicist, a neuroscientist, and a linguist as they explore the deep enigmas of time. Time feels like it flows, but does it? Time seems to have a built-in direction, from past to future, but is that real or merely a quality imposed by the human brain? Time on earth elapses at a uniform rate, so why does the human experience of time seem so varied? How do various neurological afflictions change the perception of time? And underneath it all, how does human language impact our ability to think about time and fully experience its rich and mysterious contours?
Immortality Technology – Future of Human Lifespans – Full Documentary Tactics to achieve immortality – When it comes to achieving biological immortality (or at least substantially extended lifespans), there will never be a single elixir that permanently ends our aging process. Instead, aging prevention will involve a series of minor medical therapies that will eventually become part of a person’s annual wellness or health maintenance regimen.  Seeker Land
IMMORTALITY: How close is it? Roundtable
Since the dawn of time, humans have been trying to find a way to cheat death. Some researchers now believe they’re closer than ever to beating the ageing process and dramatically extending lives. Is immortality possible?
Engineering Immortality: the End of Aging? World Science Festival
Are there limits to the human lifespan? Is it possible to stop the process of aging? On average, humans now live far longer than at any point in our history thanks to science and technology. On the horizon, advances in new drugs and medical techniques promise a revolution in how we live, age and die. But these advances may come at a steep cost. In this program, experts explore future challenges while debating the ramifications of an immortal society.
Top 10 People Who Claim To be Immortal MostAmazingTop10

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Blue Zone From Wikipedia https://wiki2.org/en/Blue_Zone

Blue Zones are regions of the world where evidence thusfar shows people live much longer than average. The term first appeared in his November 2005 National Geographic magazine cover story, “The Secrets of a Long Life”.  Five “Blue Zones” have been posited: Okinawa (Japan); Sardinia (Italy); Nicoya (Costa Rica); Icaria (Greece); and among the Seventh-day Adventists in Loma Linda, California, baser on evidence showing why these populations live healthier and longer lives than others. Read more: https://wiki2.org/en/Blue_Zone

Blue Zones
An elderly Sardinian man

An elderly Sardinian man

The five re­gions that are iden­ti­fied in the book The Blue Zones: Lessons for Liv­ing Longer from the Peo­ple Who’ve Lived the Longest are:

  • SardiniaItaly (particularly Ogliastra, Barbagia of Ollolai, and Barbagia of Seulo): One team of demographers found a hot spot of longevity in mountain villages where a substantial proportion of men reach 100. In particular, a village called Seulo, located in the Barbagia of Seulo, holds the record of 20 centenarians from 1996 to 2016, that confirms it is “the place where people live the longest in the world”.
  • The islands of OkinawaJapan: Another team examined a group that is among the longest-lived on Earth.
  • Loma Linda, California: Researchers studied a group of Seventh-day Adventists who rank among North America‘s longest-lived people.
  • Nicoya PeninsulaCosta Rica: The peninsula was the subject of research on a Quest Network expedition which began on January 29, 2007.
  • IcariaGreece: An April 2009 study on the island of Icaria uncovered the location with the highest percentage of 90-year-olds on the planet, where nearly 1 out of 3 people make it to their 90s. Furthermore, Icarians “have about 20 percent lower rates of cancer, 50 percent lower rates of heart disease and almost no dementia.”

Res­i­dents of these places pro­duce a high rate of cen­te­nar­i­ans, suf­fer a frac­tion of the dis­eases that com­monly kill peo­ple in other parts of the de­vel­oped world, and enjoy more years of good health.

A Venn diagram of longevity clues from Okinawa, Sardinia, and Loma Linda.

Venn diagram of longevity clues from Okinawa, Sardinia, and Loma Linda.

Characteristics

Venn diagram of longevity clues from Okinawa, Sardinia, and Loma Linda.

The peo­ple in­hab­it­ing Blue Zones share com­mon lifestyle char­ac­ter­is­tics that con­tribute to their longevity. The Venn di­a­gram high­lights the fol­low­ing six shared char­ac­ter­is­tics among the peo­ple of Ok­i­nawa, Sar­dinia, and Loma Linda Blue Zones: Though not a lifestyle choice, they live as iso­lated pop­u­la­tions with re­lated gene pool.

  • Family – put ahead of other concerns
  • Less smoking
  • Semi-vegetarianism – the majority of food consumed is derived from plants
  • Constant moderate physical activity – an inseparable part of life
  • Social engagement – people of all ages are socially active and integrated into their communities
  • Legumes – commonly consumed

In his book, Buet­tner pro­vides a list of nine lessons, cov­er­ing the lifestyle of peo­ple who re­side in blue zones:

  1. Moderate, regular physical activity.
  2. Life purpose.
  3. Stress reduction.
  4. Moderate caloric intake.
  5. Plant-based diet.
  6. Moderate alcohol intake, especially wine.
  7. Engagement in spirituality or religion.
  8. Engagement in family life.
  9. Engagement in social life.

Research

Based on re­search re­sults in the fields of biogeron­tol­ogyepi­ge­net­ics and natur­opa­thy, the term Blue Zones is also used for areas whose na­tive flora grows under spe­cial con­di­tions and can ef­fec­tively coun­ter­act the aging process. Such mostly high-al­ti­tude areas are lo­cated in Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet or China. The Swiss re­search group Blue­zones in co­op­er­a­tion with the Forschungs­gruppe Haslberger of the Uni­ver­sity of Vi­enna fo­cuses on sec­ondary plant sub­stances from such areas, which could have a use in the area of anti-ag­ingneu­rode­gen­er­a­tive dis­eases and geri­atric diseases. In 1998, the Swiss group dealt with the eat­ing habits of the pop­u­la­tion of Yuzuri­hara, where the in­hab­i­tants grew very old with the best qual­ity of life. Longevity re­gions are also being stud­ied in China. An­other re­search group of the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia in col­lab­o­ra­tion with the Uni­ver­sity of Rome La Sapienza is in­ves­ti­gat­ing tem­po­ral blue­zones in Italy out­side Sardinia.

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+https://www.asaging.org/about-asa

Founded in 1954, the American Society on Aging is an association of diverse individuals bound by a common goal: to support the commitment and enhance the knowledge and skills of those who seek to improve the quality of life of older adults and their families. The membership of ASA is multidisciplinary and inclusive of professionals who are concerned with the physical, emotional, social, economic and spiritual aspects of aging.

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Countries With Highest Life Expectancy 1800-2100 Data Is Beautiful
This video shows the 10 countries with the highest life expectancy between 1800 and 2100. Obviously, all years after 2018 are projections based on a number of factors.
25 Countries with the Highest Life Expectancies in the World Alpha Paw
As modern medicine and our understanding of health has developed, humans have been living longer than ever. (In the past fifty years, the average life expectancy in the United States alone has increased by ten years.) Various factors are associated with longer life, including a healthy diet, a comprehensive healthcare system, and strong social connections. Countries bearing these traits see their citizens living into their 80’s. Beyond these three keystones, a few more trends emerge: women outlive men in almost every country; wealthier countries have higher life expectancies; and, universal healthcare is present in nearly all top countries. Do you think you can guess which countries have the highest life expectancies? From a Caribbean island to a major Asian player, a heavy-drinking country to a heavy-smoking country, the countries on this list may surprise you. Find out if your country ranks in the top 25 in this list of the 25 Countries with the Highest Life Expectancies in the World. NB: Data for this list has been pulled from the United Nations’ Department of Economic and Social Affairs World Population Prospects (2015 Revision). Different reporting agencies list slightly different numbers and sometimes categorize countries differently. For instance, the CIA classifies Monaco and San Marino as individual countries; they then list both lands in the top five. (Monaco’s average life expectancy at birth is even a whopping 89.52 years, blowing all other countries out of the water by at least five years.) However, numbers for these countries can be skewed as many of them have large, wealthy immigrant populations who live longer and highly affect the data. Thus, the UN report is used. Follow us on: Twitter: https://twitter.com/list25 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/list25 Website: http://list25.com Instagram: https://instagram.com/list25/ Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/list25/ Check out the physical list here: http://list25.com/25-countries-with-h… Finland & Belgium Portugal & Guadeloupe Ireland Greece Germany Austria Chile Martinique Netherlands Norway Luxembourg Republic of Korea New Zealand Canada France Sweden Israel Australia Spain Iceland Singapore Switzerland Italy Japan Hong Kong

List of countries by life expectancy https://wiki2.org/en/List_of_countries_by_life_expectancy

World population

Global Life Expectancy & Mortality Statistics | Cultural Anthropology

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LONGEST Living Organisms In The World !Origins Explained Check out the oldest living organisms in the world! From immortal creatures to strange and crazy lifeforms, this top 10 list of longest living species on earth is amazing!
List of longest-living organisms From Wikipedia https://wiki2.org/en/List_of_longest-living_organisms

This is a list of the longest-living biological organisms: the individual(s) (or in some instances, clones) of a species with the longest natural maximum lifespans. For a given species, such a designation may include: The definition of “longest-living” used in this article considers only the observed or estimated length of an individual organism’s natural lifespan – that is, the duration of time between its birth or conception, or the earliest emergence of its identity as an individual organism, and its death – and does not consider other conceivable interpretations of “longest-living”, such as the length of time between the earliest appearance of a species in the fossil record and the present (the historical “age” of the species as a whole)

The Llangernyw Yew may be the oldest tree in Europe
The Llangernyw Yew, an ancient yew (Taxus baccata) in the churchyard of the village of Llangernyw in North Wales, is believed to be between 4,000 and 5,000 years old.
Meet the Animal That Lives for 11,000 Years
We live an average of 71 years—a drop in the bucket compared with some other life-spans.
Read more: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2016/07/animals-oldest-sponges-whales-fish/

Best datil Human Body Info, in the Information age,

The making of me and you is a personalised, interactive website for BBC Earth that allows you to explore your body through a mosaic of mini visualisations that adapt to your data.

Work - Piero Zagami Information designer

Our bodies are extraordinary. They contain elements that have a commercial value, megabytes of data, and trillions of cells, most of which aren’t our own.

The making of me and you, Find out what you’re made of in this personalised dashboard 

Start exploring the making of you, Enter your details at:

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/the-making-of-me-and-you

or more info at: https://www.pierozagami.com/untitled-listing/the-making-of-me-and-you

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She’s 102. She lived through the 1918 flu and now she’s beat coronavirus — twice
(CNN)Angelina Friedman is a survivor, in every sense of the word.When she was a baby, she lived through 1918 flu. Throughout her life she survived cancer, internal bleeding and sepsis. In April, she survived coronavirus — a virus that has taken nearly 1.5 million lives worldwide.And now, the 102-year-old New York resident just did it again. She survived a second coronavirus diagnosis, according to her daughter, Joanne Merola, who spoke to CNN affiliate WPIX.
Read more: https://www.cnn.com/2020/12/02/us/woman-102-beat-coronavirus-again-trnd/index.html

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WHO | United Nations – the United Nations

www.un.org › ccoi › who-world-health-organization

World Health Organization is building a better, healthier future for people all over the world. Working with 194 Member States, across six regions, and from more ..

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1+ Training for the Centenarian Olympics  by Dr. Mark Hyman 
2+ This 93-year-old has a message for us 
3+ Centenarian  From Wikipedia
4+New England Centenarian Study
5+A Global Look at the Oldest-Old and Centenarians: Is It Genes, Diet, Luck or All Combined
6+ Centenarians in Canada
7+Centenarians in Canada, B.C.
8+Documentary – Secrets of Centenarians
9+What Centenarians Can Tell Us About The Secret To Living Beyond 100 | Jason Prall
9+ Mammal study explains ‘why females live longer
10+Technologies of the Future | Sadhguru and Michio kaku
11+2045 Initiative  A New Era for Humanity
12+ Ray Kurzweil — Immortality By 2045/Global Future 2045 Congress
13+2045 Initiative Dmitry Itskov — GF2045: On The Path to A New Evolutionary Strategy
14+ GF2045 / Roundtable on Life-extension of the Brain in a Full-body Prosthesis
15+ TED-Talk : xBrussels – David Duncan – When I’m 164
16+ The secret of living to 100  By Dr. Sanjay Gupta
CNN
17+
Life Expectancy Calculator  : TAKE THE CALCULATOR
18+100 Ways to Live to 100  THESE SIMPLE TIPS WILL HELP YOU LIVE LONG AND PROSPER!
19+ The 12 Best Life Expectancy Calculators 

and Why You Should Use One When Planning Your Retirement
byKathleen Coxwell

20+ Living better and aging well: David Suzuki takes us on a journey to learn how | The Nature of Things

Books

70+Best 100 Natural Health food, books, products and services

71+ Healthy at 100: The Scientifically Proven Secrets of the World’s Healthiest and Longest-Lived Peoples

72+ On Being 100: 31 Centenarians Share Their Extraordinary Lives and Wisdom
73+ Extraordinary Centenarians in America: Their Secrets to Living a Long Vibrant Life
75+ You Can’t Catch Me!: 100 Sayings from a Jamaican Centenarian

76+

100+ 100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything

101+ Age 101 and Still Having Fun!  

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More Info coming soon

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There is a God and calls Lionel Messi: 100 goals in Champions League
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